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Building converts a package source directory into a single bundled file. If binary = FALSE this creates a tar.gz package that can be installed on any platform, provided they have a full development environment (although packages without source code can typically be installed out of the box). If binary = TRUE, the package will have a platform specific extension (e.g. .zip for windows), and will only be installable on the current platform, but no development environment is needed.


  pkg = ".",
  path = NULL,
  binary = FALSE,
  vignettes = TRUE,
  manual = FALSE,
  args = NULL,
  quiet = FALSE,



The package to use, can be a file path to the package or a package object. See as.package() for more information.


Path in which to produce package. If NULL, defaults to the parent directory of the package.


Produce a binary (--binary) or source ( --no-manual --no-resave-data) version of the package.

vignettes, manual

For source packages: if FALSE, don't build PDF vignettes (--no-build-vignettes) or manual (--no-manual).


An optional character vector of additional command line arguments to be passed to R CMD build if binary = FALSE, or R CMD install if binary = TRUE.


if TRUE suppresses output from this function.


Additional arguments passed to pkgbuild::build.


a string giving the location (including file name) of the built package


The default manual = FALSE is not suitable for a CRAN submission, which may require manual = TRUE. Even better, use submit_cran() or release().